Sherwood Real Estate Information

Nicknamed Smockville, the city of Sherwood is situated in northwestern Oregon in the southeastern corner of Washington County. Sherwood is a residential community in the Tualatin Valley just southwest of Portland and has a population of about 17,000 residents. Incorporated in 1893 as a town, Sherwood is indirectly named for the Sherwood Forest in England.

The region where Sherwood is now located was once inhabited by the Native American Atfalati tribe of the Kalapuya nation. United States emigrants began to arrive in 1842, and soon after the Native Americans were relocated to reservations according to the Donation Land Claim Act of 1850, which also gave American citizens exclusive rights to ownership of the land. The city of Sherwood really began to grow and develop as a result of the California Gold Rush of 1849. During this time, nearby Oregon City emerged as the city known as “End of the Oregon Trail,” while Portland emerged as a major city of commerce. Since Sherwood is located within the vicinity of both cities, Sherwood was able to be influenced by the growth and development that also took place in the two nearby cities. In the 1890’s, Sherwood’s main industry relied on a pressed brick yard, until it closed in 1896 as a result of the deep recession of 1893. After the economy picked up again due to the Klondike Gold Rush of 1897, the Town of Sherwood began to develop small town qualities that made the city one of the most desirable places to live. In 1007, Sherwood was named among the twenty most livable towns in America by “Money” magazine.

One of the most popular attractions in Sherwood is the Tualatin River National Wildlife Refuge. The wetlands and lowlands sanctuary consists of 1,358 acres of land and is managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service. Although the park was established in 1992, the Tualatin River National Wildlife Refuge was not opened to the public until 2006. The refuge is one of only ten urban refuges in the United States. The park is home to a wide range of wildlife habitats including forested areas, wetlands, oak and pine grassland, meadows, and mixed deciduous and coniferous forests. The park is home to a number of migratory birds as well as other threatened and endangered species, fish, and other animals.